Syed Salahuddin, the top commander of the Hizb-ul-Mujahideen, the biggest Kashmiri militant group. Image Credit: Reuters // Hizb-ul-Mujahideen

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Syed Salahuddin, the top commander of the Hizb-ul-Mujahideen, the biggest Kashmiri militant group. Image Credit: Reuters

Translated from Arabic as "Party of Holy Warriors", the Hizb was founded by Ahsan Dar in 1989 as an outfit of Kashmiri militants with the sole aim of seceding Kashmir from India. The group has since been active in Kashmir and some other northern Indian cities.

Headquartered at Muzaffarabad in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, the Hizb has been named in the terror lists of the US, the UK and other European nations. It is also believed that the ISI engineered a split in this group which led to the formation of the Al-Badr under the stewardship of Sayeed Salahudin.