A masked hijacker carrying a pistol walks with Afghan Taliban (L) and Indian (R) officials prior to freeing the Indian Airlines plane with more than 150 hostages on board at Kandahar airport in southern Afghanistan on December 31, 1998. Image Credit: Reuters // Move over Al-Qaeda, the Lashkar is Here...

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A masked hijacker carrying a pistol walks with Afghan Taliban (L) and Indian (R) officials prior to freeing the Indian Airlines plane with more than 150 hostages on board at Kandahar airport in southern Afghanistan on December 31, 1998. Image Credit: Reuters

The group carried out several abductions and attacks to free their leaders, including that of five western tourists from Kashmir in July 1995. Following the death of Sajjad in a jail-break attempt, the group hijacked the Indian Airlines plane to Kandahar and secured Masood Azhar's release in 1998.

HUM is known to have several thousand armed supporters located in the PoK, southern Kashmir and Doda regions. It uses light and heavy machineguns, assault rifles, mortars, explosives, and rockets. HUM has lost some of its membership due to defections to the JEM.