Pro-Pakistan Kashmiri militants seen busy in discussion after crossing the Line of Control (LOC) near the Athmaqam area on the Pakistan side of the disputed Kashmir region.Image Credit: Reuters // Harkat-ul-Mujahideen

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Pro-Pakistan Kashmiri militants seen busy in discussion after crossing the Line of Control (LOC) near the Athmaqam area on the Pakistan side of the disputed Kashmir region.Image Credit: Reuters

This Pakistan-based militant group has been operating primarily in Kashmir. Following a ban imposed by the US, the organisation changed its name to Harkat al-Ansar, thereby losing its original identity as a splinter group from the Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami or HUJI, an outfit that was formed in the 1980s to fight the Soviets in Afghanistan.

The HuM entered Kashmir under the leadership of Sajjad Afghani after the Soviets retreated from Afghanistan in 1989. Indian security forces had arrested three of its senior leaders: Nasrullah Mansur Langaryal in November 1993; Maulana Masood Azhar in February 1994, and Sajjad Afghani (Sajjad Sajid) in the same month.