Members of Naxalites, officially the Communist Party of India (Maoist) that takes its name from the Naxalbari, a village outside Calcutta where the revolt began in 1967, shout pro-communism slogans.Image Credit AP // Communist Party of India (Maoist)

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Members of Naxalites, officially the Communist Party of India (Maoist) that takes its name from the Naxalbari, a village outside Calcutta where the revolt began in 1967, shout pro-communism slogans.Image Credit AP

The Communist Party of India (Maoist) is an underground Maoist political party that aims to overthrow the elected governments in several states of the country. It was founded on September 21, 2004 via the merger of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People's War Group and the Maoist Communist Centre of India (MCC).

The merger was announced to the public on October 14 the same year. In the merger, a provisional central committee was constituted, with PWG leader Ganapathi as the General Secretary.

The CPI (Maoist) is often referred to as Naxalites in reference to the violent Naxalbari insurrection conducted by radical Maoists in West Bengal in 1967.