Rebels from the National Socialist Council of Nagaland patrol outside their headquarters in Hebron.Image Credit: Reuters // National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN)

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Rebels from the National Socialist Council of Nagaland patrol outside their headquarters in Hebron.Image Credit: Reuters

Like the ULFA, the NSCN too claim that they are fighting for an independent territory for Naga tribes of Nagaland and neighbouring states. Some of the tribes that matter to this insurgent group include the Angami, the Ao, the Rengma, the Kyong, the Sumi and the Tangkhuls.

The origin of this band goes back to 1918, when a group of western educated Nagas formed the Naga Club in Kohima. This group petitioned the British to exclude Nagas from any constitutional framework that they planned for India. The protests were sporadic till Angami Zapu Phizo took over the reins of the movement.

By the mid-1940s, the Naga insurgents learned armed warfare and clashed with the Allied Forces and the Japanese with Phizo joining hands with the INA of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose to fight the British. In 1946, the Naga Club transformed into the Nagaland National Council (NNC), an immediate predecessor of the NSCN.