India's Security Environment: An Overview

The file image shows the body of Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) leader Vellupillai Prabhakaran on a stretcher at Nanthikadal lagoon, near the town of Mullaittivu in northern Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka
Political historians believe Rajiv Gandhi's decision to send the IPKF in the mid-1980s was a historical blunder that pulled bilateral relations beyond reprieve. Though the Island republic has hopefully seen the last of the Tamil Tigers in its territory, the two-decade long civil war made Sri Lanka a conduit for arms and narcotics trade.

The narcotics trade was a major revenue earner for the LTTE over the past two decades. Though the Tigers have been tamed, there is all likelihood that the illegal trade routes continue to flourish. The increasing tourist traffic to the island nation is also an indicator of Sri Lanka failing to control the arms and drug trade. Add to that the lax security along the Pak Straits means that India is unwittingly becoming a part of this drug mafia.